J.P. Morgan Securities LLC (JPMS LLC), a U.S registered broker-dealer, is acting as agent on behalf of an affiliated non-U.S. broker-dealer in connection with this transaction pursuant to a chaperoning arrangement under SEC Rule 15a-6, and any amounts paid by the non-U.S. broker-dealer to JPMS LLC represent chaperoning arrangement fees and commissions. JPMS LLC is not assuming any principal risk with respect to the purchase or sale of the securities and assumes no legal or beneficial ownership of the securities.  (i) The non-U.S. broker-dealer is not registered with the SEC as a broker-dealer and is not a member of SIPC or FINRA, and (ii) the U.S.-registered broker-dealer acted as the non-U.S. broker-dealer’s chaperoning broker, pursuant to Rule 15a-6, in connection with the transaction.