First transatlantic cable connects the United States to England

In August 1858, England’s Queen Victoria sent the first transatlantic telegram to U.S. President James Buchanan. George Peabody and partner Junius Morgan, J. Pierpont Morgan’s father, were prominent investors in the cable project.

Transatlantic CableOn August 16, 1858, England's Queen Victoria sent the first transatlantic telegram to U.S. President James Buchanan. George Peabody and partner Junius Morgan, J. Pierpont Morgan’s father, were prominent investors in the cable project. The message took 16 hours to send by Morse code through 2,500 miles of cable.

The queen's telegram read as follows:

"The Queen desires to congratulate the President upon the successful completion of this great international work, in which the Queen has taken the deepest interest. The Queen is convinced that the President will join with her in fervently hoping that the electric cable, which now connects Great Britain with the United States, will prove an additional link between the two places whose friendship is founded upon their common interests and reciprocal esteem. The Queen has much pleasure in thus directly communicating with the President, and in renewing to him her best wishes for the prosperity of the United States."

 

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